Session 1A

Global security and human rights in the internet age

May 22, 14.00–15.30, Mässhallen, #session1a

“Are there specific laws when using the internet across borders?”

This panel aims to explore challenges relating to human rights and cyber security in the international arena.

The transnational character of the internet poses many challenges to our state-centric view of the international system and international law, rules and norms that govern international relations. By and large, increased digitalisation of human interaction has resulted in positive developments and opportunities that need to be protected and enhanced. With enhanced scale and speed, hyperconnectivity at all levels of society and globally, cyber policy has become an issue of international security.

The norms of behaviour governing individuals, businesses, organisations and states are currently being shaped in a multitude of international processes. Other challenges include state-sponsored espionage, cybercrime, potential cyber warfare and even limitations on internet content.

What are the most appropriate international forums and frameworks in which these important discussions should be held? How do we ensure multistakeholder participation, not least by civil society, in forums such as the UN that have traditionally been the preserve of governments? How do we ensure that international law, including human rights law, is applied in the cyber domain, and what are the challenges of implementing it? Can existing guidelines for responsible business practice be used to ensure the protection and promotion of human rights online? How do we merge the concepts of universal principles and national sovereignty in cyberspace into a compelling narrative for the international community to accept?


stephensackurStephen Sackur, Journalist, Presenter HARDtalk at BBC World News.

British journalist Stephen Sackur has served as a reporter for the BBC since 1986. He currently presents BBC World’s global-reaching daily show ‘HARDtalk’, for which he grills major personalities, politicians and creative from around the world.

During his time at the BBC, Stephen has been Europe Correspondent, Washington Correspondent, Middle East Correspondent (in both Cairo and Jerusalem) and Foreign Correspondent. He was the first to break the story of the mass killing on the Basra road out of Kuwait City, marking the end of the war, and wrote a bestselling book about his experiences, ‘On The Basra Road’. In 2010, Stephen was named International TV Personality of the Year by the Association for International Broadcasting (AIB).


painterChristopher Painter, Coordinator for Cyber Issues, US State Department

Mr. Painter has been on the vanguard of cyber issues for twenty years. Prior to joining the State Department ranks as the Secretary’s first Coordinator for Cyber Issues, Mr. Painter served in the White House as Senior Director for Cybersecurity Policy in the National Security Staff. During his two years at the White House, Mr. Painter was a senior member of the team that conducted the President’s Cyberspace Policy Review and subsequently served as Acting Cybersecurity Coordinator. He coordinated the development of the President’s 2011 International Strategy for Cyberspace and chaired high-level interagency groups devoted to international and other cyber issues.

For over ten years, Mr. Painter has been a leader in international cyber issues. He has represented the United States in numerous international fora, including Chairing the cutting edge G8 High Tech Crime Subgroup from 2002-2012. He has worked with dozens of foreign governments in bi-lateral meetings and has been a frequent spokesperson and presenter on cyber issues around the globe. Mr. Painter is a graduate of Stanford Law School and Cornell University.

Eneken-Tikk-Ringas-125x100Eneken Tikk Ringas, Senior Fellow for Cyber Security, Internet Institute for Strategic Studies

Before joining IISS, Eneken worked as legal adviser and the head of the legal and policy team at the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence in Tallinn, Estonia. She was one of the lead experts to analyze and write about cyber attacks against Estonia in 2007 and has since worked with many governments and international organizations on strategic cyber security matters. Prior to joining the NATO Centre she worked as attorney in the field of information technology, focusing on EU regulations and standards for security of private and national information systems. She has consulted Estonian public authorities on legal and policy issues related to deploying and managing national information systems and service.

Eneken serves as international research associate at the Georgetown University Center for Law, Technology and Security and has long teaching experience at Tallinn Technical University and Swedish National Defence College.

Eneken speaks Estonian, English, German and Russian. She holds a PhD in law from the University of Tartu in Estonia. She has written numerous articles on strategic cyber security issues, is a frequent speaker at international cyber security conferences and serves as assisting expert in the UN Disarmament and International Security Committee’s Group of Governmental Experts.

rossRoss LaJeunesse , Global Head of Free Expression and International Policy, Google

Ross LaJeunesse is Head of International Policy at Google, and leads the global team responsible for advancing Google’s work on free expression and open Internet issues, as well as the company’s relationships with international organizations.  He previously served as Google’s Head of Public Policy and Government Affairs for Asia Pacific.
Before joining Google, LaJeunesse was Deputy Chief of Staff and Senior Advisor to California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger.

There, he developed and executed the Governor’s ambitious policy agenda, overseeing a broad range of issues from education reform to economic development.  Prior to his appointment in the Schwarzenegger administration, LaJeunesse was Chief of Staff to California Controller Steve Westly, the state’s chief financial officer.  He began his career as an assistant to U.S. Senate Majority Leader George J. Mitchell and later served as Senator Edward Kennedy’s chief advisor for national and community service issues.
LaJeunesse completed undergraduate studies magna cum laude at Dartmouth College and received his J.D. with honors at Harvard Law School

RasulJafarovRasul Jafarov, Chairman at Human Rights Club

Rasul is a founder and Chairman of the Human Rights Club (HRC), which was created on 10th of December – International Human Rights Day. As a Chairman of HRC he was a coordinator of “Sing for democracy” campaign, which aim was using the Eurovision Song Contest to improve the human rights situation in Azerbaijan.  “Sing for democracy” campaign has been brought international attention to the human rights violations in Azerbaijan on the eve and during the pan-European song contest. After transformation of “Sing for democracy” to “Art for democracy” in December 2012 Rasul continues to coordinate the campaign.

Rasul Jafarov was coordinating Expression Online Initiative campaign which was aiming to use the Internet Governance Forum held in Baku in November 2012 as a platform to monitor, protect and impact the exercise of freedom in cyberspace. This campaign continues its activities towards to have more freedom in Internet, to protect Internet and online activists, to expertise the legislation, to initiate new legislative and practical solutions to solve problems in this field and etc.

Anja-KovacsAnja Kovacs, Project Director, The Internet Democracy Project

Dr. Anja Kovacs is the driving force behind the Internet Democracy Project, Delhi, which engages in research and advocacy on the promises and challenges that the Internet poses for democracy and social justice in the developing world. She was earlier a Fellow at the Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore. She obtained her PhD in Development Studies from the University of East Anglia in Norwich, UK.