Session 2A

Secure and open communications: building political, economic and technical capacity

May 23, 11.00 – 12.30, Fogelström, #session2a

This panel aims to explore the challenges facing those countries that are rapidly gaining connectivity in handling the security challenges inherent in all ICTs.

As low- and middle-income countries gain high-speed connectivity to the internet at an accelerating pace, individuals and businesses in these countries will face increasing challenges in building stable, open and secure infrastructures, software and systems. In fact, the continued and increasing contribution of ICTs to economic growth may hinge on the ability to adequately deal with a large spectrum of security issues that range from country-wide infrastructure resilience to botnet prevention through public information campaigns. For the internet to remain global and open, it is imperative that countries currently lacking capacity to adequately deal with common security issues adopt a growth and freedom-oriented, participative, bottom-up perspective on security that has human rights at its core.

This panel will debate issues such as: How should security be mainstreamed into broader capacity building efforts? How can the international development community together with businesses, organisations and others better contribute to the creation of robust, secure and stable communications infrastructures that enable entrepreneurs, businesses and individuals to access a reliable and open internet? How do we build institutions that can act as buffers against the policy backlashes to internet freedom that could follow large-scale disruptions and incidents?


benwagnerBen Wagner, European University Institute.

Ben Wagner is a Researcher at European University Institute in Florence and currently completing a PhD on the globalised governance of freedom of expression online. He is also a Visiting Fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations and Human Rights Watch in Berlin. His research focuses on human rights, digital foreign policy and internet governance in the Middle East, Europe and North America. In recent years Ben has served as an academic expert for the European Commission, the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs, UNESCO, Hivos, the Open Society Institute and the European Parliament.


stephaniehankeyStephanie Hankey, Co-founder & Executive Director, Tactical Tech

Stephanie has worked to strengthen information activism and reduce limits to freedom and expression online since 1998. Stephanie previously worked with the the Open Society Institute establishing their Technology Support for Civil Society Program, before co-founding Tactical Tech in 2003.

She has a background in information design, was editor-in-chief of Pulp magazine and worked as a creative director and producer for a number of London-based multimedia companies. She has a Masters in Information and Interaction Design from the Royal College of Art London, and a certificate in Campaigning and Lobbying from NCVO. Stephanie is currently working on an upcoming book on visual political representation and has recently co-founded the creative agency for advocacy; Tactical Studios.

Arturo Campos, Director, Active Media Security

marounhabibMaroun Habib, Head of Cyber Security, Potech Consulting, Lebanon

Maroun Habib is an information security expert. He is currently the head of Cyber Security Unit at Potech consulting, a leading Security Consulting firm in Lebanon focuses on a vast array of services in the information security field dealing with the banking sector, financial institutions and governments Additionally, he is the Labs Instructor in the faculty of Engineering at Saint Joseph University, a lecturer, and a cyber-political analyst. His expertise includes secure communications, information system security audits, malware investigation, and ethical hacking.

Eduardo-Bertoni-photo-(1)Eduardo Bertoni, Director of the Center for Studies on Freedom of Expression and Access to Information (CELE)

Eduardo Bertoni is the Director of the Center for Studies on Freedom of Expression and Access to Information (CELE) at Palermo University School of Law, Argentina. He was the Executive Director of the Due Process of Law Foundation (DPLF) until May, 2006. Previously, he was the Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression of the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights at the Organization of American States (2002-2005). Teaching Fellow at the Human Rights Institute at Columbia University School of Law (2001). Reagan-Fascell Democracy Fellow (2012-13) at the National Endowment for Democracy (NED). Member of the advisory boards of the Human Rights Initiative (Open Society Foundations), the Media Legal Defence Initiative, the Freedom of Information Advocates Network (FOIAnet), among others. Mr. Bertoni has also worked as an advisor to the Department of Justice and Human Rights in Argentina. He holds a Masters in International Policy and Practice from the Elliot School of International Affairs, George Washington University. Bertoni published several opinion pieces on democracy and human rights in leading newspapers in the Americas and has written several publications on the right to freedom of expression, judicial reforms, international criminal law and human rights & Internet.

winkler-pressDr. Theodor H. Winkler, Director, DCAF

Born on 6 June, 1951, Theodor H. Winkler studied political sciences and international security at the Universities of Geneva and Harvard University and at the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva. He obtained in 1981 a PhD in political sciences with a thesis on nuclear proliferation.

Winkler joined the Swiss federal administration in late 1981 as an inter­national security expert in the Department of Defence. In 1985 he was appointed Representative of the Chief of Staff for Politico-Military Affairs, in 1995 Head of the newly created Division for International Security Policy. In 1998 he was promoted to the rank of Deputy Head, Security and Defence Policy.

Winkler has been, on 13 June 2000, appointed by the Swiss Federal Council Director of the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) and promoted to the rank of Ambassador. He joined, consequently, the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs.

Winkler’s professional affiliations include membership in the Foundation Council of the Geneva Centre for Security Policy (GCSP) as well as membership in other academic and international bodies.