09.00–10.15 Main session 2 – Location: Mässhallen
Freedom from fear on the internet is possible: applying rule of law online
The role of governments has come to the fore in the past year. As trust in governments’ behaviour has been questioned, several initiatives have attempted to set limits or boundaries to state power in relation to surveillance. Essentially, several governments have begun to formulate fundamental rule-of-law-inspired principles to set limits to their own behaviour. They claim this is essential for everyone’s trust in the internet infrastructure. The question is whether it is possible to apply this concept in the online environment? Can it simply translate into a world where multistakeholder processes govern the development of standards, security and policy-making? This panel will discuss the feasibility of applying a concept that essentially belongs to the offline world in an online environment.
Moderator: Graham Hutchings
‘Gbenga Sesan, Executive Director, Paradigm Initiative Nigeria, NIGERIA, @gbengasesan
Shahzad Ahmad, Country Director, Bytes for all, PAKISTAN, @bytesforall
Jillian York, Director of International Freedom of Expression, Electronic Frontier Foundation, UNITED STATES, @jilliancyork
Olof Ehrenkrona, Ambassador, Senior Advisor, Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, SWEDEN
Anriette Esterhuysen, Executive Director, Association for Progressive Communications, SOUTH AFRICA, @anriette
10.15–10.45 Coffee break
10.45-12.00 Parallel session 2.1 – Location: Riddarsalen
‘No trade-off’: reconciling privacy and security for global growth and economic development
The internet has changed the way we trade. Companies of all sizes around the globe are today heavily dependent on cross-border data transfers in their daily operations; not just large IT companies and banks but also industrial enterprises and SMEs. Restrictions on such transfers will cause major problems for multinationals and SMEs and lead to missed business opportunities and decreased innovation, thereby also challenging development prospects. New regulations on data transfers will thus have an important influence on the future of international trade and on the prerequisites for innovation and entrepreneurship. At the same time, cross-border data flows may have important privacy-related concerns.
How do we reconcile privacy and security in a way that paves the way for global growth and economic development? In what ways do new, broad regional and global trade agreements facilitate growth, innovation and development, and at the same time challenge our right to privacy?
Moderator: Suhasini Haidar
Lucy Purdon, Programme Support Manager: ICT, The Institute for Human Rights and Business, UNITED KINGDOM, @lucypurdon
Magnus Rentzhog, Swedish National board of Trade, SWEDEN
Hanne Melin, Policy Strategy Counsel, eBay Inc, EUROPE
Jean-Jaques Sahel, Vice President, ICANN Europa, UNITED KINGDOM
Beryl Aidi, Programme Advisor, Kenya Human Rights Commission, KENYA, @thespannergal
10.45–12.00 Parallel session 2.2 – Location: Mässhallen
Inclusive internet governance
Discussions about the future of internet governance are running higher than ever. The debate is being carried out in open and closed forums, between government-only and multistakeholder settings, and intensified as aspects of surveillance entered the stage. This is all happening at the same time as the fundamental contractual relationships for the internet are being reformed.
In April, at the initiative of the Brazilian President, the world met at the global multistakeholder meeting NetMundial in Sao Paulo, to discuss fundamental principles of internet governance and the roadmap for the future governance structure of the internet. What did the meeting result in and what basic tenets did NetMundial offer for the future? This panel brings together some of the main actors behind the NetMundial meeting to discuss its impact and the way ahead for global, inclusive, multistakeholder internet governance.
Moderator: Emily Taylor
Grace Ghithaiga, Associate, Kenya ICT Action Network (KICTANet), KENYA, @ggithaiga
Dirk Brengelmann, Ambassador, German Federal Ministry of Foreign Affairs, GERMANY
Joana Varon Ferraz, Researcher for the Center for Technology and Society, BRAZIL @joana_varon
Pedro Ivo Ferraz Da Silva, Secretary, Brazilian Ministry of External Relations, BRAZIL
10.45–12.00 Parallel session 2.3 – Location: Fogelström
Limited internet privacy: what are the effects on democracy and development?
The widespread use of the internet has led to increased access to information and ability to communicate, to a higher level of participation and strengthened accountability. All of these aspects can deepen democracy and influence social and economic development. But these great opportunities also entail challenges to democracy.
Surveillance of users’ activities on the internet has been justified as crucial for national security. But internet control and mass surveillance of individuals may violate not only the right to privacy but also a series of other rights and freedoms – such as the freedom of expression, freedom of association and assembly, the right to information, etc. – and thus threatens to change peoples’ use of the internet. Instead of being a tool for democratic development and empowerment, the internet could end up being a tool for increased control of populations on behalf of the state.
Has the internet made civil society more vulnerable to state persecution? The situation is complicated by the fact that internet surveillance is often accompanied by more concrete measures of harassment, which can include anything from violence and threats to ungrounded criminal accusations. With activities online being so closely linked to activities offline, is there any reason at all to distinguish between persecution and violations of human rights on and off the internet? What can be done to reduce the vulnerability of journalists, human rights defenders, political opposition and others wanting to use the internet to exercise their democratic rights?
Moderator: Graham Hutchings
Renata Avila Pinto, Web We Want Initiative, Global Campagn Manager, Web Foundation, GUATEMALA, @avilarenata
Walid Al-Saqaf, Lecturer, Örebro University, SWEDEN, @wsaqaf
Agnes Callamard, Director, Global Freedom of Expression and Information Initiative, Columbia University, UNITED STATES, @Agnescallamard
Pirongrong Ramasoota, Head of Department, Department of Journalism and Information at the Faculty of Communication Arts, Chulalongkorn University, THAILAND, @pirongrong_kwan
Guy Berger, Director, Division of Freedom of Expression and Media Development, @guyberger
13.30–13.45 Keynote Speech – Location: Mässhallen
Minister for Foreign Affairs, Carl Bildt
13.45–15.00 Wrap-up session – Location: Mässhallen
Summing up SIF14 and mapping the road ahead.
Moderator: Julie Gichuru
Carl Bildt, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, SWEDEN, @carlbildt
Nanjira Sambuli, Research Manager – Governance and Technology, iHub, KENYA, @NiNanjira
Christopher Painter, Coordinator for Cyber Issues, U.S. Department of State, UNITED STATES
Andrei Soldatov, Co-Founder Agentura.Ru, RUSSIA, @AndreiSoldatov
Htaike Htaike Aung, Program manager, Myanmar ICT for development organization, MYANMAR
Gayathry Venkiteswaran, Executive Director, Southeast Asian Press Alliance, THAILAND, @gayathry